Since electric mobility became more important over the last few years, this map of the month focuses on the associated infrastructure of charging points in Germany. Currently, there are in total over 34.000 stations available (January 6, 2021). However, this number needs to be related to the number of electric cars as well as the distribution of the charging points and the population distribution. To start, the following line chart shows the growth of the total number of e-cars over the past ten years.
Development of e-mobility in Germany
The observed increase is a result of a growing ecological awareness in the population. Additionally, the goverment supports this change in the automobile industry with funding in the form of a measures package which was decided in May 2016. It includes the support of 300,000 e-cars until December 21, 2021 (purchasing incentives), the expansion of the charging infrastructure (300 Mio. EUR) and financial support for research and development regarding e-mobility and associated technologies. Nevertheless, although the total numbers in the line chart give the impression that e-mobility is booming, the percentage related to the total number of cars in Germany is still very low: In 2010, less than 0.1% of all cars had a hybrid or an electric drive and in 2020 the percentage increased for hybrids to 1.1% and for e-cars only to 0.3%.
Map: Distribution of charging points
The number of the charging points did not grow very fast at the beginning, because of high investment costs and relativly low profits. However, since the measure package 2016 was decided, the number of charging points increased and increases rapidly. The increasing demand for e-cars in the population supports this progress as well. The current distribution of charging stations is displayed in the map below. Additionally, the rural counties can be overlayed, which are color-coded based on the number of charging points.